Building structure for greening top surface of building

一种用于建筑物顶面绿化的建筑结构

Abstract

本实用新型公布了一种用于建筑物顶面绿化的建筑结构,包括钢筋混凝土制成的屋面层,在屋面层上设置有防水层,在防水层上设置有防水保护层,在防水保护层上设置有隔根层,在隔根层上设置有蓄水层,在蓄水层上设置有透水排水层,在透水排水层上设置有隔土层,在隔土层上设置有土壤层。本实用新型采用在防水保护层上设置隔根层,隔根层能阻止植物的根部进入建筑物的顶层结构内,在隔根层上依次设置的蓄水层、透水排水层、土壤层为植物提供了良好的生长环境;在蓄水层上铺设粒径1.5~4cm的碎石或卵石,形成排水层,多余的雨水通过碎石或卵石质检的缝隙快速下落,并由排水系统排出;采用厚度为4~8cm的泡沫塑料铺设在隔根层上形成蓄水层,为植物提供必要的水。
The utility model discloses a building structure for greening the top surface of a building. The building structure comprises a roof layer made of reinforced concrete, wherein the roof layer is provided with a waterproof layer which is provided with a waterproof protecting layer; a root separating layer is arranged on the waterproof protecting layer and is provided with a water storage layer which is provided with a water permeating and discharging layer; and the water permeating and discharging layer is provided with a soil separating layer which is provided with a soil layer. The building structure disclosed by the utility model has the advantages that the root separating layer is arranged on the waterproof protecting layer, can block the root of a plant from entering a top-layer structure of the building, and is provided with the water storage layer, the water permeating and discharging layer and the soil layer in sequence so as to provide a good growing environment for the plant; the water storage layer is paved with gravels or pebbles with the particle size of 1.5-4cm so as to form the water discharging layer, and residual rainwater falls quickly through gaps among the gravels or the pebbles and is discharged by a water discharging system; and foamed plastics with the thickness of 4-8cm is adopted for paving on the root separating layer to form the water storage layer so as to provide necessary water for the plant.

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Cited By (8)

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    CN-103334553-AOctober 02, 2013行础Steel-structure roof with functions of water resistance, ventilation and sound absorption
    CN-103371072-AOctober 30, 2013北京仁创科技集团有限公司Plant planting system for saline-alkaline soil
    CN-103790381-AMay 14, 2014李易阳一种空中温室的建造方法
    CN-103790381-BSeptember 21, 2016李易阳一种空中温室的建造方法
    CN-103806602-AMay 21, 2014四川雅豪房地产开发有限公司Greening method for building roof
    CN-104358363-AFebruary 18, 2015成都聚智工业设计有限公司Roof greening structure
    CN-104533028-AApril 22, 2015杭州置顶科技有限公司一种屋顶绿化结构
    CN-105638295-AJune 08, 2016福州古树景观工程有限公司Plant habitat restriction ecological technology for roof greening and three-dimensional greening